A complete UX/UI Design Guide: Everything you need to know to start a career in this field

2021 was a turbulent year, and you’re probably feeling apprehensive about what 2022 might have in store. If you are considering a career in UX/UI Design, you may be wondering if now is the right time to do it.

Is the UX/UI job market still booming? What job roles are at your disposal? How to start learning the fundamentals of UX/UI while working on real-life projects? How to improve your chances of landing the job of your dreams?

So many questions! But don’t worry. 

By the end of this article, you will have a clear idea of what UX/UI is and whether this is the right career path for you.

Let’s dive in!


UX and UI: What exactly is the difference?

What is user experience (UX) design?

UX design refers to user experience design – the interaction between the user and product/service. The focus of the UX designer is set on how a particular experience makes the user feel and how straightforward it is for the user to accomplish their desired actions. 

For example: How simple is the checkout process when the user is shopping online? How easy is it to manage your money on an online banking app? The ultimate goal of UX design is to create accessible, relevant, efficient, and all-around friendly experiences for the user.

Please remember that UX design is not about visuals (you have a graphic designer for that). Instead, it focuses on the overall feel of the user experience.



What is user interface (UI) design?

While UX design focuses on optimizing a product/service for effective and enjoyable use, user interface (UI) design focuses on the product or service look and feel, presentation, and interactivity. UI design considers the product/service’s look, feel, and interactivity when it comes to websites and apps.  It’s all about ensuring that the user interface is as intuitive as possible. This means carefully examining every visual, interactive element the user will encounter along the way.


To sum up, this is the main difference you should bear in mind: 

  • UX design is all about the overall feel of the user experience.
  • UI design is all about how the product/service interface looks and functions.



Job roles for UX/UI Designers

Now when you are familiar with the main terms, let’s see the main job roles you have at your disposal.


1.UX/UI designer

  • Creating user flows, wireframes, prototypes, and mockups;
  • Converting requirements into style guides, design systems, design patterns, and engaging user interfaces.


2.UX researcher

  • Building user journeys and personas;
  • Designing and executing custom research; 
  • Defining intent, development, testing, and refinement of prototypes;
  • Designing research studies to generate user-focused insights;
  • Conducting various research studies (user testing, usability tests, concept tests, field studies, group discussions).


3.UX Designer

  • Participating in user research and implementing findings to create a UX strategy and design;
  • Conducting product testing and developing product prototypes based on it.


4.UX Writer

  • Researching, strategizing and writing user-friendly content;
  • Creating a strategy that works with the user interface to guide users through an intuitive and easy-to-use experience.


5.Information architect

  • Providing a positive user experience by planning and developing the information structure;
  • Organizing information and design strategies based on how users interact with a company’s communications systems.


6.UX Strategist

  • Shaping and communicating user experience strategies and design;
  • Defining the overall UX vision throughout the digital ecosystem.


7.UI Designer

  • Designing and user testing product/service’s screens/pages;
  • Creating interface prototypes and product style guides.


8.Interaction Designer

  • Designing and user testing the interaction elements of a product/service;
  • Developing product interaction prototypes.


9.Motion Designer

  • Creating and testing moving product elements such as motion graphics and animations;
  • Coordinating motion designs with the UX strategy and user research;
  • Developing product motion prototypes.


10.UX Engineer

  • Applying programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to turn visual designs into working prototypes;
  • Transforming motion designs and interaction into product prototypes;
  • Contributing with technical advice and assistance to UX teams.


11.User Interface Developers

  • Developing, maintaining, and troubleshooting scripts and code to make web pages or applications function perfectly;
  • Producing designs in Photoshop and turning them into code. 


12.Interaction Designers 

  • Delivering diagrams, navigation flow charts, and prototypes.


Since all careers in UX/UI are closely connected, you don’t need to decide which route you want to pursue right away.  Start by mastering the fundamentals of UX/UI Design so you will have a better idea of how you want to direct your design career.



How to start learning UX and UI design skills?

Now that you are familiar with the variety of job roles you can go for, let’s see how you can learn UX and UI design fundamentals. This is the part where a UX/UI Design Bootcamp can land you a helping hand!


The enrollment for the next group at Brainster’s UX/UI Design Bootcamp is in progress! The interest is too high and the number of places limited, so make sure you save your slot on time!

Make an appointment with our student success manager for more details about the program!

What do you want to be when you grow up?